Mobile phone tracking is a technique for establishing the phone's location, whether it is moving or stationary. Location will be determined via a multimedia signal received and transmitted to numerous radio towers nearby the phone or using GPS.
To identify the phone using radio signal multi alteration, the device must send a roaming signal to a nearby antenna tower, which does not require an ongoing phone conversation. The GSM system is based on the strength of the phone signal received from nearby antenna masts. Mobile positions can be calculated via location-based services such as LBS information services or by examining data from social networking sites that enable the usage of geographically precise geolocation and position.
The tracking technique is based on the measurement of nearby signal and antenna patterns, as well as the notion of wireless communication with a nearby base station, indicating the presence of a particular phone. Advanced systems employ more sophisticated methods of signal location calculation by interpolating signals between nearby antenna towers, which can provide accurate location information down to 50 meters in metropolitan settings.
There are several methods for determining the location of a mobile phone carrier. It might be network-based, handset-based, SIM-based, or a combination of all three, as well as WIFI-based.
Network-based location tracking is used to determine how a user's service provider's network infrastructure is being used. The advantage of this strategy is that it may be implemented without interfering with existing handsets. Prior to the discovery and widespread use of GPS handsets, network-based tracking was employed.
Location tracking with a headset is accomplished by reading the information included in the client-installed software on the headset. The location is determined using the cell identity and signal strengths of the home and surrounding cells that are continuously transmitted to the carrier. These phones typically include a built-in GPS, which provides increased location accuracy.
This method requires the subscriber's approval and cooperation. Typically, such devices are smartphones running Symbian, Windows Mobile, Windows Phone, BlackBerryOS, iOS, or Android.
Another technique for locating a phone is to use the SIM data contained in the GSM. The handset can be used to obtain raw radio measurements. Cell ID, round-trip time, and signal intensity are only a few of the accessible data.
WIFI data is the most often utilized technique for determining the handset's position. Due to GPS's poor performance in an interior environment and the rising use of WIFI, chances for developing alternative techniques of position recognition arose. For example, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), GPS, and GLONASS.
The hybrid technique is a way of determining the position of a mobile phone that combines all other methods of tracking.